Computer-aided science is an essential cornerstone both for the question of a country's position in international scientific competition and for the implementation of scientific research into innovative products. In the triad of theory and experiment, simulation technology is the essential pillar to support science and industry from basic research through application research to technological development. Excellent research requires constant excellent training. In addition to consistently staggered study and further education programmes, direct participation in cutting-edge research projects establishes the direct link between vocational qualification and research success.

German basic and industry-related research is already a world leader in the fields of chemistry, physics and engineering sciences. In addition, Germany is a leader in many areas of numerical mathematics and computer science, which are indispensable for high-performance computing and simulation technology. In order to maintain this position in ten years' time, continuous efforts to improve the hardware infrastructure, which is on an almost ideal basis for the future thanks to the alliance between the RWTH and the FZJ, on the one hand, and the software research determined by the Theory, Tools, Pre-, Post-Processing and Simulation divisions, on the other hand, are necessary. Independently of the scientific discipline, research in the coming years will be defined by the headings, such as real-time capability, integration of the scientific branches and data-driven method and modeling, which is why the profile area CompSE has to consolidate its structural elements within the RWTH structure. In spite of their clear meaning, the elements are to be interpreted in a flexible and dynamic way, so that new research areas can be integrated and extensions such as activities in the field of computational medicine, for example, in which the topics of data, modeling and methods play a fundamental role in genome-wide sequencing, complex protein structures and the optimization of analysis tools can be directly incorporated. Further internationally competitive interdisciplinary topics in the field of simulation will be developed and expanded. The most important objective of CompSE is to promote scientific excellence in the field of all scientific disciplines, which will increasingly rely on simulation techniques in the future, also from an economic point of view.

Structure and other profile areas

The individual elements are to have a clear responsibility and management structure, which, put together, possesses the scientific quality of a federalist Max Planck Institute, so that the scientific excellence of the RWTH is expressed in national and international competition through the recognition of the research partners.

The eight profile areas of the RWTH will cooperate closely with each other in terms of content. For example, in the field of multi-scale modelling within the materials sciences, the profile area CompSE will define clusters, centres or SFBs constructively with each other in the field of multi-scale modelling with the profile area MatSE or in the field of biomedicine with the profile area MedST. In 10 years' time, internationally renowned conference and workshop series on the topics will have been established, which will be regarded by the international CompSE community as the nucleus of progress, thus ensuring international visibility and scientific exchange with top international researchers.

Teaching and promotion of young professionals

Over the next 10 years, the sustainability of the Computational Science and Engineering profile area will not only be shaped by research. The promotion of young researchers in the sense of study, further education, doctoral and postdoctoral support plays a central role, since only through new scientific concepts, some of which can only be developed through unconventional approaches, can the sustainability of the top quality of research at the Aachen location be maintained. Excellent training is regarded as an essential multiplier in terms of the scientific reputation of the CompSE and RWTH profile area. Accordingly, new tailor-made interdisciplinary international study and assistance programmes at Bachelor's, Master's and PhD level will be developed on the basis of the existing Computational Science Engineering and Simulation Sciences programme, which will incorporate the results of the subject areas of data, modeling, computing and methods. In contrast to other locations where simulation training is regarded as a supplement to the existing training structures, Aachen will thus continue to follow the path of independent training.

Only the structure of the education of RWTH Aachen Unitvertiy does justice to the future significance of general science in computational science. Experts in modeling and simulation and its mathematical basics and for the programming and performance optimization of HPC systems are already in high demand. In view of the increasing penetration of science and industry by simulation methods and the resulting demand for simulation engineers and comparable qualification profiles, this demand will continue to grow strongly in the coming decades. The challenge of highly qualified training is not only accepted but also successfully met by a dynamically developed study and assistance programme, which is characterized by direct contact with top researchers and current research questions.