Integration into RWTH Aachen University
Historically, the spirit of project-oriented cooperation between mathematics and engineering was already lived by Kármán, Kutta and Hopf at the beginning of the last century. This approach was developed at the level of computer-aided scientific cooperation within the framework of the first Collaborative Research Centres SFB and priority programs SPP, e. g. Finite approximations in fluid mechanics ", successfully intensified nationally in the seventies and eighties and further consolidated in European cooperations, which were supported by the German Research Foundation DFG and the Centre National de Recherche Scientifique CNRS from 1996 to 2008. Based on this 80-year development, the Center for Computational Science and Engineering CCES was founded, which was a leader in the Excellence Initiative for the successful application of the Graduate School AICES. AICES is a cooperation of several institutes of different faculties of RWTH Aachen University and offers a research program in combination with a research program focusing on the modeling of physical and physiological facts, the development of numerical methods and the provision of simulation tools, a research programme specialized in simulation methods.
High-Performance Computing in the Profile Area
At the same time, the High-Performance Computing HPC section of the Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance JARA was established in cooperation with the Research Centre in Jülich. The existing scientific and methodological capacities in the field of simulation techniques will be further developed with a view to high-performance computing at the highest expansion level of the computer system, the international Tier-0 level. By setting up the JARA-HPC section, members have prioritized access to the JARA-HPC partition, which has been successively built up over the course of 2012 and achieved a total computing performance of around 600 TFlops by the end of 2012. Furthermore, the cooperation between the scientists of RWTH and the FZJ in the field of scientific computing was strengthened by the establishment of the German Research School GRS and a Joint Research Center.
Against the background of RWTH's structural concept formulated in the successful application for excellence, the CCES and the activities of AICES and GRS are to be combined in consultation with the rectorate.
With regard to teaching in the field of scientific computing, it should be noted that the consecutive bachelor's and master's degree course Computational Engineering Science CES has been successfully conducted under the umbrella of CCES since 2004 and the non-consecutive international course Simulation Sciences SiSc within the framework of GRS since 2008. Both courses of study have a distinctly interfacultory structure, whereby the SiSc course in particular consistently combines the teaching capacities of RWTH and the FZJ.
The founding idea of CCES was marked by history on the one hand, and by the existing integrative interdisciplinary cooperation between the faculties on the other, so that the integrative and interdisciplinary approach formulated in RWTH's proposals for excellence was already put into practice within the CCES. The courses of study also reflect this spirit in terms of structure and content. As part of the Excellence Initiative, the Computational Science and Engineering CompSE profile area was introduced in addition to seven other profile areas that characterise the research fields of RWTH Aachen University. The section JARA-HPC represents the close scientific connection in the field of high performance computing within computational science between RWTH and the FZJ. The research and teaching activities resulting from the interdepartmental cooperation are bundled in the CompSE section. Based on the basis for computer-aided science, the partial similarities of CompSE, AICES and JARA-HPC illustrate the integrative significance between the FZJ and the faculties of RWTH.